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Archaeologists explored the mysteries of the ancient cave city. In the expedition we were accompanied by Alexander Herzen, who for forty years conducted excavations here. For the season...Gold hidden in the Crimea MangupArchaeologists explored the mysteries of the ancient cave city. In the expedition we were accompanied by Alexander Herzen, who for forty years conducted excavations here. For the season - 100 coins! Cave city Mangup attracts tourists from all over the world. In addition to archaeologists, this plateau in the Bakhchsarai area chosen psychics, tolkienisty, bikers and "Indians". There is always a lot of artists, photographers and musicians. But the main stay in the house archaeologists. Can, therefore in order here. Now experts are exploring multiple objects. One of them is the inner protective wall.- The Turks breached the first line of defense, came upon a second, " says Alexander Herzen. - It can be assumed that under these walls took place bloody battles - we find many arrowheads.Meet here and brooch - clasp for military cloak or tunic. As well as coins. Mostly small, about the size of a penny Ukrainian - DECA noomii. In the course of the local population were not gold coins, and bronze, which indicates a powerful public influence of Byzantium.- Talk about the purchasing power of coins is very difficult, " says Alexander Herzen. The course is constantly changing: during the war, it fell, when it was quiet - ROS. Money has been circulating a lot - for example, during the season, the expedition managed to find a hundred or more coins of different denominations. We even kind of strap is for the season not less than one hundred coins.And as a reward condensed milkIn the second section of the defensive wall is the only surviving full-size watch-tower. Proverbial teeth on it.- Mangup just two towers with battlements, - says Alexander Herzen. And they were built by the Turks after the conquest.We go ahead. So, breaking the resistance of the defenders, the Turks came. True a century later we fall into the camp of archaeologists. There is always a lot of tents, people and... condensed milk. These canned goods for finds rewarded fortunate students.A little further is the Basilica - Church complex - wide, 20 meters long and 31 meters. He investigated since 1890, but only in the past year, archaeologists have discovered and explored fresh rich burial in the 14th century. The deceased to the other world accompanied with a rich belt kit - arms and other necessities of war ammunition.Adopting a metal detector- After shot of the archaeological layer, the soil transported to the waste, " explains Alexander Herzen. - There it is again examined by the detector.Interns and graduate students of TNU centimeter by centimeter study dumps: when the "rings" metal detector, they are handfuls raise the earth and is brought to the device.- To the naked eye will not notice an arrow or a coin, " says the graduate student of the Department of ancient history and middle ages TNU Emil Seitaliev. - A metal detector can detect almost any small object. Of course, if it is metal.All pottery - shards of tile, amphora - archaeologists choose. Then everyone, even a very small piece of washed, cleaned and entered into the register.A little further is the citadel. It ruins tower over the sprawling valley. But that is a separate expedition, a new story. After all, Mangup is so large and powerful that here you can wander all summer.The siege lasted six monthsMangup-Kale is the capital of the medieval Principality of Theodoro. The city was located on a big table mountain Baba Dag (father mountain", "ora-father"). The city was protected by strong walls and towers, and vertical precipices excluded the possibility of application in the assault missile weapons and battering rams.Despite the inaccessibility in 1475, the city was taken by the Turks. And if they Cafu stormed three days, Mangup besieged six months. According to some historians, to seize the city managed by implementing a new, for those days weapons - cannons. Being outside the zone of fire of the defenders of Mangup - archers, the invaders were shot defenses. Still in the walls of the fortress are huge cannons.The main objectsCave complex consisting of three-storey defensive dungeon and monasteryRuins of the main gate. Above them, a complex of tombs carved into the rock- The patrol-defensive and monastic cave complex "Drum-Kai".